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Wealth and Decline of Prosperity in Alsenz Valley



From the 16th century, the mining of sandstone is documented, which was used for house and castle construction. This industry quickly gained in importance and the quarries soon became one of the largest employers in Alsenz. Since that time, the community is also known as a market town.

1870 began the construction of the Alsenz railway, which opened a year later, and operated the line from Kaiserslautern to Bad Kreuznach. In addition, a railway and an industrial road were created to improve the infrastructure. The construction measures were mainly used to promote the sandstone quarries and stone masons, which experienced an upswing since the 1830s. Many sandstone-processing companies settled in Alsenz, making the community a center of small craft.

The strong economy attracted workers, so that the population rose rapidly and in 1898 climbed to 2006.

In 1905 Alsenz reached its absolute highest population with 2172 inhabitants. Much of it was immigrant workers who settled in the community because of the sandstone industry. These workers successfully went on strike in 1906 for a wage increase.

Alsenz was in an economic emergency at the time. The introduction of new materials such as concrete and artificial stone, the sandstone industry had not recovered after the end of World War I, which led to the closure of many companies and thus high unemployment. Many people emigrated, and the number of inhabitants sank rapidly below 2,000.

At the beginning of the 1950s, the reconstruction started, both new homes and factories were built.

Today the unemployment figures are rising again, industrial settlements are not in sight. New perspectives? Integrated Rural Development Concept ... with special emphasis on the participation of the population and all other regional actors. .? Tourism...?


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Verwendete Literatur:

  • Landesamt Denkmalpflege (Hrsg.): Kulturdenkmäler in Rheinland-Pfalz. Band 15: Donnersbergkreis. Bearb. v. Dieter Krienke. Worms 1998.

  • Ortsgemeinde Alsenz (Hrsg.): 1200 Jahre Alsenz. 775-1975. Alsenz 1976.